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Quotation of the Day…

(Don Boudreaux)

… is from page 195 of Robert Higgs’s indispensable – and now more relevant than ever – 1987 book, Crisis and Leviathan:

The most important legacy of the New Deal, however, is a certain system of belief, the now-dominant ideology of the mixed economy, which holds that the government is an immensely useful means for achieving one’s private aspirations and that one’s resort to this reservoir of potentially appropriable benefits is perfectly legitimate. To take – indirectly if not directly – other people’s property for one’s own benefit is now considered morally impeccable, provided that the taking is effected though the medium of the government.

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8 hours ago
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Many people secretly want a post-apocalyptic world and society breaking down, because Hollywood portrays it as an adventure. In reality it'll be horrible as fuck.

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The recent virus stuff is underlining my point. Yes, it's a real disease and has real implications but people are blowing it waaaaaay out of proportion and hyping it because they think it'll be "exciting" like something out of The Walking Dead. People at my workplace excitedly talking about what it will be like if society falls apart and we devolve into tribes. Media is 24/7 playing images of grim faced soldiers, guys in hazmat suits, deathly sick looking patients in hospitals, etc.

Do you know what an actual post-disaster community will be like?

  • First of all, you'll probably be one of the 90% of people who die within the first month

  • And even if you aren't, you'll subsist in shitty conditions. No electricity or power - and this means no phones, computers, food/water, cars, hot showers, toilets, etc. Goodbye any form of meaningful communication or entertainment. You can read books and masturbate (to your imagination of course, because again no technology). If you have a soccer ball I guess you can kick it around.

  • Not that you'll actually have leisure time, because maintaining a small community with no outside help takes lots of work. Peasants used to toil for 14 hours a day. Most of you have no marketable skills so that'll be you, unless you're one of the few people with specialized skills or are genetically blessed by being one of the stronger and bigger guys who can boss others around and will make up the upper class.

  • if you have any conditions requiring medication, your lifespan will be measured in months. Natural selection is back in business, baby. The world doesn't have time for your diabetes type 1 or your asthma. Pharmaceuticals and pills are a thing of the past.

  • Pretty good chance that at some point, your community will be enslaved by a neighboring stronger tribe. Good luck washing the enemy chieftain's butthole every day for the rest of your short life.

  • Speaking of enslavement, women should be especially terrified. Women's rights will be the first thing to go. In a world without order, might makes right. And any female out there is going to find herself subjugated either by the men in her life or an invader. Your worth will be entirely dependent on household skills and raising children.

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15 days ago
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Professional Licensing Requirements Should Not Make You A Prisoner Of One State

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Professional Licensing Requirements Should Not Make You A Prisoner Of One State
It's a ridiculous notion, the idea that a doctor who went to med school in New York and got licensed there suddenly becomes qualified only to mop the floor of a hospital if he moves to another state.

But that's how so many states' licensing requirements effectively make it.

Veronique de Rugy writes at AIER that Arizona is leading the way on changing this:

Yesterday, I got a call from a friend of mine who is a child psychologist in Falls Church, VA. She wanted me to know that she has decided to move to Arizona to be close to her family, especially, "now that her license would be recognized in her new state and she can start working immediately."

The beauty of American federalism is that it allows states to try out different policies and see what works well and what does not. The state of Arizona is putting this flexibility to good use. After implementing a moratorium on occupational-licensing requirements in 2015, the state passed legislation to recognize occupational licenses from other states last year. Going against special-interest groups in various industries whose members would prefer to face as little competition as possible, Arizona is saying that it is open for all business and welcomes competition.

As a result, Arizona is effectively launching a healthy competition for workers among the states themselves. For instance, taxes and regulations and the cost of living are lower in Arizona than they are in many other states, which should make Arizona appealing to overtaxed workers in Virginia or the District of Columbia.This is compounded by the fact that the cost of living can be very expensive in Washington, DC or Northern Virginia. However, if moving to Arizona means that workers in licensed industries, such as teaching and nursing, have to get a new occupational license to meet Arizona's requirements--a process that takes money and time--before they are allowed to work in Arizona, they may not want to change states.

Well, not anymore. As Governor Doug Ducey (R) explained when the bill passed last year, "With this bill, Arizona's sending a clear message to people across the country: if you're moving to Arizona, there's opportunity waiting for you here ... And we know that whether you make your living as a plumber, a barber, a nurse or anything else, you don't lose your skills simply because you moved here." In other words, when you move to Arizona, your license moves with you.

Other states are getting in the act, she reports. Virginia, West Virginia, California, Ohio, Missouri, Georgia, New Hampshire, Indiana, and New Jersey have bills in some sort of progress.

Of course, many licensing requirements are ridiculous. Organizations could give florists, house painters, etc., some sort of seal -- but it should be my choice if I wish to hire an unlicensed florist, house painter, or whatever.

For the record, only Louisiana requires florist licenses. Has anyone you know ever died or gotten ill from an unschooled flower arranger's handiwork?

Enough with ridiculous, unnecessary laws that stop certain Americans from doing business while privileging others -- usually at the expense of American consumers.

Related: The Jones Act, which no, is not a group that opens for Justin Timberlake.

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22 days ago
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Irish Man Bitten By Snake For The First Time In History

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The puff adder is naturally native to southern Africa and is classed as 'very dangerous'
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24 days ago
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Why I Eat Organ Meat Weekly, and You Should Too

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success stories

If you have your own success story and would like to share it with me and the Mark’s Daily Apple community please contact me here. I’ll continue to publish these as long as they keep coming in. Thank you for reading!

Folks, I have been grateful for every story that has come my way over the years. It’s an incredible privilege being on the receiving end of your reflections and evolutions, and they are why I’ve kept at it all these years—knowing the message and information have made a difference in people’s lives. I appreciate every single one. This success story comes from Dr. Terry Wahls, pioneer of the Wahls Protocol®, a way to address quality of life issues experienced by sufferers of autoimmune and other disorders through diet and lifestyle changes. Enjoy! —Mark

I eat liver once a week and tell my patients to do the same. Liver and organ meat are a critical part of the treatment protocols I use in my clinic and my clinical research. And they were crucial to my own recovery.

For decades, I suffered from relentlessly worsening pain and disability, including wheelchair dependence. I was able to reverse all this decline and end my pain using principles of ancestral health, evolutionary biology, and functional medicine.

When I first got sick, I gave up the low fat vegetarian diet I’d followed for years and adopted the paleo diet. But my health continued to decline. So I read the basic science models for my disease (multiple sclerosis) and decided that mitochondria are a key driver in neurodegeneration and worsening disability. I devised a supplement program to support my mitochondria. This reduced my fatigue and the speed of my decline slightly. I learned more biochemistry from functional medicine and made my list of supplements longer. This slowed my decline a little bit more.

At that point, I was too weak to sit up in a regular chair, confined to a zero gravity chair with my knees higher than my nose. My brain fog was worsening. The electrical face pains due to trigeminal neuralgia were more severe, more frequent, and more difficult to turn off. The future looked incredibly grim. That is when I decided to redesign my paleo diet to get the nutrients I was taking in supplement form from food. Cell chemistry is far more complex than physicians and scientists understand, and I thought maybe food would have more of an impact than nutrients in pill form.

How I Changed My Paleo Diet to Start Healing

I had already removed grain, legumes, dairy, processed foods, and sugar from my diet. I used the papers by Beal and Bourre, my readings in Ancestral Health and Functional Medicine, and the Linus Pauling Institute at Oregon State University to create a list of superfoods to stress in my diet (See Key Nutrients for Brain Health and Table 2, Liver Is a Superfood).

I began this new version of my paleo diet, and the results were stunning. Within three months, my face pain was gone. So was the brain fog and the severe fatigue. I began walking again. In less than a year I was biking, completing an 18.5 mile bike ride with my family. A key part of my dietary change was adding liver once a week. Liver is a superfood, but too many of us are not consuming liver or any organ meat. Everybody with an autoimmune disorder should have liver as a regular part of their diets.

Dr. Terry Wahls before and after

Retinol, or vitamin A, is essential to the development of immune cells, including T helper cells (Th cells), T regulatory cells (Tregs), and antibody-producing cells (B cells), as well as healthy barrier function in the gut. Inadequate vitamin A levels may lead to abnormal immune function, decreasing tolerance and increasing the risk of autoimmunity. Carotenoids in plants, such as beta-carotene, can be converted by gut enzymes into retinol, which is the active form of vitamin A. However, there is considerable variability in the efficiency of the enzymes that do this conversion. Depending on your enzymes, you may have a 70% reduction in your ability to convert plant-based carotenoids into retinol. Those with an autoimmune diagnosis are more likely to have a less efficient conversion of beta carotene into retinol and would benefit from consuming liver, which is an excellent source of retinol.

In addition to retinol, organ meat is an excellent source of B vitamins, including vitamin B12 and folate. Many individuals with multiple sclerosis have an elevated homocysteine, which is a measure of the efficiency and effectiveness of our brains’ use of B vitamins. If homocysteine is elevated, we likely have inadequate levels of B vitamins (especially vitamins B6, B9, and B12), which leads to a higher rate of neurodegeneration, cognitive decline, and heart disease. Liver is an especially good source of easily digested and absorbed B vitamins, which are critical for those with multiple sclerosis.

As you can see from Table 2, liver is an excellent source of the key brain nutrients identified in Table 1. It is not a good source of vitamin C, which you will get from greens. If you have multiple sclerosis or other autoimmune issues, adding organ meats to your diet is an important step in your healing journey, providing several important vitamins and minerals that can soothe immune dysfunction and promote repair in the body.

Why I Prefer Food to Supplements

Most studies using supplements have disappointing results. There are multiple large epidemiologic studies of dietary intake and clinical outcomes that demonstrate that dietary patterns rich in vegetables and meat and low in added sugars (such as the plans we use in our clinical trials study dietary trials for multiple sclerosis patients) are strongly associated with better clinical outcomes for a specific disease. But a large, supplement-based clinical trial often fails to show much benefit using targeted nutritional supplement(s). That does not surprise me at all.

Food is complex. There is synergy between the elements of each foodstuff you consume and the overall dietary pattern, meaning what else you eat. Organ meats are more than vitamin A, B6, B9, and B12. They are a rich mixture of vitamins in multiple forms that interact with other vitamins, minerals, fatty acids, and compounds. This complex interaction determines how we do the chemistry of life. We get these compounds in the biologic ratios that our cells expect, which is why dietary pattern studies that stress consumption of vegetables, berries, and meat, decreased sugars, and increased intake of these key nutrients have outcomes that are consistently more favorable than those that rely on supplements only.

I tell my patients to eat liver once a week, heart once a week, and mussels and oysters regularly. These foods offer powerful, healing nutrition for anyone with multiple sclerosis or a serious autoimmune problem. Limit liver intake to 6 to 8 ounces a week because retinol does have a relatively narrow range of dietary intake. Too little and we increase the risk of autoimmune disease, cancer, and infection. Too much, however, increases the risk of fibrosis and scarring of the liver and lungs, which are irreversible. For that reason, I recommend eating no more than 6 to 8 ounces of liver per week, plus an additional 6 to 8 ounces of mussels, clams, oysters, heart, or other organ meats each week.

Food is what nature intended. Food is how I got out of the wheelchair and began walking, hiking, and biking again. Food is what I stress in my clinics and in my clinical trials.

You can get your life back on track, one meal at a time. If you use supplements, use whole food–based supplements, such as organ meat capsules, to ensure you are getting the benefits of food with all the wonderful synergy that whole foods supply. Immune dysfunction, leaky gut, and altered microbiome are all present in the setting of multiple sclerosis and autoimmune processes. Adding organ meats to your diet, particularly from grass-fed and grass-finished animals, can help address these issues.

I taught the concepts of the Wahls Protocol® to patients in primary care and traumatic brain injury clinics. Time and time again, we saw that adopting the protocol led to stabilizing and regression of symptoms. Patients with high blood pressure, severe morbid obesity, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus, fibromyalgia, traumatic brain injury, anxiety, and depression all improved when they followed the Wahls Protocol®.

I also use these concepts in my clinical trials, testing the Wahls Protocol® in the setting of multiple sclerosis to improve quality of life and reduce fatigue.

Each summer I host an in-person event to teach the public and health professionals how to use these concepts in their lives and their clinics. We are seeing more and more people embrace using food, including liver, to get their lives and health back on track.

Key Nutrients for Brain and Spinal Cord Health

  • Vitamin B1
  • Alpha carotene
  • Carnitine
  • Vitamin B2
  • Beta carotene
  • Alpha-Lipoic acid (ALA)
  • Vitamin B3
  • Beta cryptoxanthin
  • Creatine
  • Vitamin B5
  • Lutein
  • Cholesterol
  • Vitamin B6
  • Lycopene
  • Alpha-linolenic fatty acid
  • Vitamin B9
  • Zeaxanthin
  • Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA)
  • Vitamin B12
  • Iron
  • Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)
  • Vitamin C
  • Copper
  • Arachidonic acid (AA)
  • Vitamin D
  • Zinc
  • Gamma-linolenic acid (GLA)
  • Vitamin E
  • Iodine
  • Linoleic acid (LA)
  • Vitamin K
  • Magnesium
  • N Acetyl cysteine
  • Co-Enzyme QA10
  • Selenium
  • Taurine

Table 2

Liver: A Superfood

Minerals (mg/100g)
& Vitamins (100g)   



Turkey (roasted)   


Beef Liver    


Beef Heart

Calcium 72 26 6 94
Iron 0.9 1.79 6.54 1.17
Magnesium 18 25 21 23
Phosphorus 28 203 497 36
Potassium 228 280 352 296
Sodium 23 68 79 30
Zinc 0.24 2.96 5.3 0.5
Vitamin C, mg 41 0 1.9 53.3
Thiamin mg 0.053 0.057 0.194 0.069
Riboflavin mg 0.07 0.177 3.425 0.091
Niacin mg 0.5 5.088 17.525 0.65
Vitamin mg B-6 0.138 0.41 1.017 0.179
Folate, mcgDFE 13 7 253 17
Vitamin B-12µg 0 0.35 70.58 0
Vitamin A, RAE 681 mcg 0 9442 mcg 885 mcg
Vitamin A, IU 13621
Vitamin E mg 0.85 0 0.51 1.1
Vitamin K µg 817 (K1) 1.3 3.3 (K2) 0.5


This table was created using the USDA Information from U.S. National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference: Food Composition Databases Show Foods List.

Read More in The Revised and Expanded Wahls Protocol

I have written a book, The Revised and Expanded Wahls Protocol: A Radical New Way to Treat All Chronic Autoimmune Conditions Using Paleo Principles, that details the protocol we use in our clinics and clinical trials.

terry wahls and book

The revised edition includes updated science and recommendations based on all that we’ve learned in the last five years. I explain how diet changes gene expression and can turn off disease-promoting genes and turn on health-promoting ones. I review the latest information on how gut bacteria increase or decrease inflammation in the brain and body. I explore how daily diet choices determine what bacteria grow in our bowels. I have greatly expanded guidance on how to personalize the dietary recommendations based on your current symptoms and health issues.

Even if you have the original edition of The Wahls Protocol, you will want to pick up the revised and expanded edition to get all the new information on diet personalization, microbiome, gene expression, health behavior change, metabolic resilience, emotional resilience, and neurorehabilitation. If you want to see something extraordinary, check out the research papers and videos on my website that demonstrate the remarkable improvement in walking that patients in our clinical trials have been able to achieve.


Beal MF, Bioenergetic approaches for neuroprotection in Parkinson’s disease. Ann Neurol. 2003; 53:Suppl 3:S39-47; discussion S47-8

Bourre JM. Effects of nutrients (in food) on the structure and function of the nervous system: update on dietary requirements for brain. Part 1: micronutrients. J Nutr Health Aging. 2006 Sep-Oct;10(5):377-85. PubMed PMID: 17066209.

Bourre JM. Effects of nutrients (in food) on the structure and function of the nervous system: update on dietary requirements for brain. Part 2 : macronutrients. J Nutr Health Aging. 2006 Sep-Oct;10(5):386-99. PubMed PMID: 17066210.

Pinod-Lagos K, Benson MJ, Noelle RJ, Retinoic acid in the immune system, Ann NY Acad Sci 2008 Nov; 1143:170-87.doi10.1196/annals.1443.017.

AbdelhamidL, Luo XM, Reinoic Acid, Leaky Gut, and Autoimmune Diseases. Nutrients. 2018 Aug 3; 10(8).pii: E1016. doi:10.3390/n710081016.

Fahmey EM Relation of serum levels of homocysteine, vitamin B12 and folate to cognitive functions in multiple sclerosis patients. Int J Neurosci. 2018 Sep;128(9):855-841.doi1080/00207454.2018.1435538. Epub 2018 Feb 21

A multimodal intervention for patients with secondary progressive multiple sclerosis: feasibility and effect on fatigue. Bisht B, Darling WG, Grossmann RE, Shivapour ET, Lutgendorf SK, Snetselaar LG, Hall MJ, Zimmerman MB, Wahls TL. J Altern Complement Med. 2014 May;20(5):347-55. doi: 10.1089/acm.2013.0188. Epub 2014 Jan 29.

Multimodal intervention improves fatigue and quality of life in subjects with progressive multiple sclerosis: a pilot study. Bisht B, Darling WG, Shivapour ET, Lutgendorf SK, Snetselaar LG, Chenard CA, Wahls TL. Degener Neurol Neuromuscul Dis. 2015;5:19-35. doi: 10.2147/DNND.S76523. Epub 2015 Feb 27.

Nutrient Composition Comparison between a Modified Paleolithic Diet for Multiple Sclerosis and the Recommended Healthy U.S.-Style Eating Pattern. Chenard CA, Rubenstein LM, Snetselaar LG, Wahls TL. Nutrients. 2019 Mar 1;11(3). pii: E537. doi: 10.3390/nu11030537.


The post Why I Eat Organ Meat Weekly, and You Should Too appeared first on Mark's Daily Apple.

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27 days ago
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Income Inequality Is Not A Bad Thing

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Income Inequality Is Not A Bad Thing
I taped a TV show the other day for the web -- will announce when it goes up on YouTube and there's a link.

On the show, the host asked me if I could anything for a living, what would I do?

Exactly what I do, I said. Writing. Writing books. Writing my science-based column and articles that mean something, like the one I wrote recently for Penthouse Australia.

I've had some financial struggles lately, and I'm trying to hang in there and applying for grants to complete my next science-based book, a medical expose plus practical advice. I write day and (as much as possible into the) night.

But, again, I love what I do, and writing this book is important -- a moral issue, in fact...exposing how evidence-free an area of medicine is. So...I cut out everything. I have no car, buy no clothes, buy no new stuff, and don't go out. Not even for a cup of coffee.

I pay my rent, my utilities, and the sweetheart of a guy who edits me.

It sucks not to be able to go out -- I'm an extravert, and I used to love going to a bar near my house or the coffee place near me. Both are now closed as the Venice boulevard near me became hipster central, and filled with pricey boutiques that have to be money laundering entities or the anchor for merchants who mainly sell online, because some stores never seem to move any of their pricey, ridiculous merchandise.


I do what I do because it has meaning to me, and it's a choice. I could make more money if I did other work. I'm hoping writing will eventually pay again or I'll get the speaking engagements I trained for and thought would save me financially. (Who knew -- colleges don't want to hear speakers about how to be confident; you need to talk about how ashamed students should all feel for their "privilege," etc.)

All in all, it's ultimately a choice to do what I do, and I guess if things get really terrible, to the point I'm going to be homeless, I'll be forced to do something else.

I don't have any shame about the state of things; it's this way for a lot of people who used to earn well. It's just a tough fact.

And the fact that I make less money and am struggling also doesn't make me screech about "income inequality" or demand wealth transfers. By the way, the latter is not a moral thing to do. Nor is it immoral or bad that Jeff Bezos has a fuckton more money than I do. How great that he created this vast, hugely successful company out of nothing. (I have the same reverence for other builders and entrepreneurs, from Steve Jobs to Elon Musk and...sorry I can't think of anybody more off the beaten path.)

This is a roundabout way to get to the link that inspired this -- Antonis Giannakopoulos's piece at Mises Institute on "Four Reasons Inequality Isn't What You Think It Is":

One of the defining characteristics of advocates for socialism is an obsession with equality. According to this line of thinking, inequality is the central problem of the modern world, and it demands a centralized solution. Thus, socialists--and more mild social democrats--push to use the power of the state to force the transfer of wealth from the productive and successful to those who are less so. This is the way to achieve social justice, they contend.

But inequality is not the societal plague that socialists allege it to be.

...Does Wealth Accrue at the Expense of the Poor?

One of the socialists' key assumptions is that there is always a losing side in a transaction. They think that wealth is like a pie, and that the rich take the largest slice, leaving workers and customers with almost nothing. In reality the market is always expanding the pie, and voluntary exchanges are always win-win when they are made.

Bill Gates, Jeff Bezos, and all the other "evil capitalists" have managed to create an unprecedented amount of wealth, but not only for themselves. Those working for them have benefited from their jobs, and the people who buy their products and services have benefited from better or cheaper goods (or both). Other benefits include more time to pursue more important things, and in ways that cannot be quantified (i.e., they are measured in psychic profit). The entrepreneurs, in turn, have benefited from the services of their workers--which are well worth paying for. Entrepreneurs also benefit from the voluntary purchases made by their customers.

Profit and Competition Are Not Antithetical to Collaboration

Socialists pit profit and competition against an ideal of sharing and collaboration. But rather than being a wicked, stolen good, profit is a crucial incentive for collaborative human action.

People are always searching for the best and cheapest products in order to satisfy their needs, and their demands raise prices. The prospect of profit quickly pushes entrepreneurs into producing what people want--and what they are willing to pay for. Profits illustrate how much people value an entrepreneur's services. Consumers only pay if the entrepreneur satisfies their desires.

...Income Inequality Is Heightened by a Restrained Market

The Left makes the mistake of arguing that only the rich have gotten richer and attack capitalism without looking at the facts. The market has made nearly everyone richer, not only in terms of income but also in terms of the overall quality of life and the products that they own.

Leftists also ignore income mobility in market economies, when studies show that in fact most people born to the richest fifth of Americans fall out of that bracket within twenty years while most of those born to the poorest fifth climb to a higher quintile and even to the top.

Though their rhetoric makes it seem surprising, this makes sense. As Ludwig von Mises pointed out in The Anti-Capitalistic Mentality, the businessman owes his wealth to his customers, and this wealth is inevitably lost or diminished when others enter the market who can better satisfy the consumer through lower prices and/or a better quality of goods and services.

The problem with income inequality today is that it isn't entirely a byproduct of the free market but instead is the result of a market crippled by interventionist policies, such as regulations, expensive licenses, and the most complicated tax system in the history of this country. Such restrictions have limited competition and made wealth creation more difficult, causing the stagnation of the middle and lower classes.

Though leftists contend that these restrictions protect people from the "dangers" of the free market, they actually protect the corporate interests that progressives claim to stand against.

Colossal businesses like Amazon and Walmart in fact favor higher minimum wages and increased regulations. They have the funds to implement them with ease, and such regulations end up acting as a protective barrier, keeping startups and potential competitors from entering the market. With competition blocked, these businesses can grow artificially large and don't have to work as hard to earn people's business. Instead they can spend money on lawyers and DC lobbyists to fence small businesses out of the market.

Ironically, efforts to regulate businesses in the name of protecting laborers and consumers harms small businesses and makes everyone less equal than they could be in a free market.


Markets are not the enemy of inequality. Regulated markets are. The income inequality that naturally occurs in the free market as a result of human uniqueness is needlessly amplified by restrictive government policies to the detriment of all.

Voluntary exchanges in capitalism are mutually advantageous. If they weren't, the exchange would never take place. People who live in countries with more economic and social freedom enjoy greater incomes and a higher standard of living. Free trade has contributed more to the alleviation of poverty than have all the government-run programs. Socialist intervention in the market can only distance man from eradicating poverty and from happiness: only unrestrained competition driven by profit can bring about the expansion of choice, the fall in prices, and the increased satisfaction that make us wealthier.

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29 days ago
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